Review and analyse shots for faults

Business Sectors (Suites): Camera
Developed by: ScreenSkills
Approved on: 29 Mar 2020


​This standard is about reviewing shots and analysing them for any faults against technical and aesthetic requirements.  This can apply to digital or film cameras.  This could apply to any type of production including feature films, TV dramas, commercials, documentaries, sports coverage, outside broadcast and live or stage events. 

This includes reviewing shots, analysing shots against production requirements, identifying technical faults, identifying aspects which do not meet aesthetic requirements, agreeing solutions, rectifying shots and referring those you cannot resolve.

This standard is relevant to those working as 1st Assistants, Focus pullers or lone Camera operators.

Performance criteria

You must be able to:

  1. ​review shots at appropriate points in the production process
  2. handle equipment and materials in ways that maintain their condition
  3. analyse shots against aesthetic and technical requirements of productions
  4. identify specific aspects of shots which do not meet production requirements
  5. use industry recognized methods to identify any points of loss of image integrity
  6. use industry recognised methods to identify any soft or incorrectly placed focus
  7. use industry recognized methods to identify faults related specifically to the use of digital cameras or film
  8. test equipment and materials to identify technical faults which contribute to poor shot quality
  9. identify viable solutions to resolve faults
  10. discuss and agree solutions to faults with appropriate people
  11. inform relevant people about remedial action that will affect them
  12. resolve faults that are within your area of responsibility and expertise
  13. refer issues that you cannot resolve to appropriate people without delay

Knowledge and Understanding

You need to know and understand:

  1. ​currently used camera, lenses, filters and lens attachments
  2. where to get information on the aesthetic and technical requirements of shots
  3. how to identify soft and incorrectly placed focus
  4. the effects produced by different types of optical equipment including macro lenses
  5. the effect of camera formats and focal length on angle of view
  6. how to analyse depth of field and focus splits
  7. the implications of different flange focal depths
  8. how to identify loss of image integrity
  9. how to identify soft or incorrectly placed focus
  10. how to identify and resolve faults associated with digital cameras including loss of collimation in zoom lenses and incompatibility of accessories with camera systems
  11. how to identify and resolve faults associated with film including laboratory faults, non-clear gates, scratches and other damage to stock
  12. how circles of confusion affect image sharpness
  13. how to identify technical issues and their causes
  14. commonly occurring flickering light sources and when and how light source frequencies affect shutter angle windows for flicker-free shooting
  15. how to rectify common problems including changing settings and re-shooting
  16. current methods of dealing with visual continuity and post production techniques
  17. who to liaise with to address, resolve and report faults, problems, technical requirements, potential solutions and remedial actions
  18. the requirements of the relevant Health and Safety legislation and procedures


Scope Performance

Scope Knowledge





Links To Other NOS

External Links

Version Number


Indicative Review Date

30 Mar 2024





Originating Organisation


Original URN


Relevant Occupations

Arts, Media and Publishing, Media and Communication, Media Associate Professionals

SOC Code



camera; faults; shots; camera models; accessories; equipment; manufacturers; suppliers;