Set up and control folding machinery

Business Sectors (Suites): Post Press
Developed by: Improve
Approved on: 26 Feb 2021


This standard is for print finishers using folding machinery. They will be expected to set up the equipment and control it whilst running production jobs.

This standard consists of two elements:

  • Set up folding machinery
  • Run folding machinery and monitor quality

This is what the standard covers:

  1. identifying the job requirements
  2. checking that the folding machinery is working properly
  3. checking that safety devices are working properly
  4. running the folding machinery safely
  5. adjusting settings, where necessary to maintain the required standard
  6. checking that work meets the required standard
  7. identifying faults and taking action to deal with them
  8. unloading and stacking the finished product

Performance criteria

You must be able to:

Set up folding machinery

  1. check that you have all the job details you need
  2. check that you have enough materials of the right type
  3. report when the materials provided are not correct or sufficient in accordance with organisational procedures
  4. set up folding machinery so that:
    sheets are fed squarely and consistently, without damage or distortion
    any mis-fed sheets are detected by the machine's device
    sheets are folded without damage and are free from unacceptable creasing
    work is slit and perforated squarely and cleanly and sections are delivered without damage

  5. check that samples produced by the machine match the required standard

  6. make any necessary adjustments to enable standards to be met

  7. report when standards cannot be met in accordance with organisational procedures
  8. prepare your work area so that it is safe and ready for production in accordance with organisational procedures

    **Run folding machinery and monitor quality

9. run folding machinery so that it is safe and efficient and at the required speed in accordance with organisational procedures
10. keep up sufficient supplies of materials so that runs continue as long as necessary to meet job requirements
11. check at regular intervals that your company's quality standards are met
12. identify the causes of faults in production, which result in:
sheets sticking together
sheets failing to enter or leave fold unit or sheets folded out of square
slitting and perforating not parallel to sheet edge
unacceptable creasing of sections or marking of sections

  1. adjust machines, using approved method and equipment, to correct faults which it is your job to remedy
  2. use agreed procedures to report faults which it is not your job to correct
  3. check that machinery is safe to operate, once faults have been corrected
  4. record the production and quality assurance details, checking information meets organisational procedures
  5. follow the correct procedures for the removal of waste
  6. stack work using the approved method

Knowledge and Understanding

You need to know and understand:

  1. your duties and responsibilities for health and safety as defined by any specific legislation covering your job role
  2. regulations such as those covering manual handling, noise at work, personal protective equipment, safe handling of equipment and materials, and the safe use of computer equipment
  3. workplace policies and written operating procedures relating to written health and safety policy statement, provision, use and processes of workplace equipment, training, prohibited equipment, young persons, safe systems of work
  4. the way you actually do your job, more particularly the activities and techniques and the way that materials and equipment are used
  5. typical hazards and risks in the printing industry and those that relate to your own job
  6. risk assessment techniques and the action to take to deal with them
  7. codes of practice relevant to your role and where to obtain information on them
  8. manufacturers' and suppliers' health and safety instructions and advice for operating machinery, guarding machinery and data sheets for substances harmful to health
  9. the requirements for personal presentation including personal hygiene, suitable clothing and accessories, fitness for work, such as not under the influence of drugs, alcohol or medication, smoking policies in the workplace
  10. how to stop a machine in the event of an emergency
  11. the purpose of folding
  12. the information and materials required to meet job specification
  13. safety devices found on folding machinery, their purpose and how to check they are functional
  14. how to set up and adjust folding machinery to meet job requirements
  15. the causes of common faults and how to rectify them including sheets sticking together, sheets failing to enter or leave fold unit or sheets folded out of square, slitting and perforating not parallel to sheet edge, unacceptable creasing of sections or marking of sections
  16. the causes of faults with raw materials, processes and machinery used in your business and how to identify and treat them
  17. techniques for controlling quality including inspection, testing, sampling and use of input and output controls
  18. the impact that faults, in the process you are involved with, have on later processes and the quality of the end product
  19. types of problems that may need to be solved including machinery - electrical, mechanical, electronic, settings, component wear and tear, consumables needing replacement, materials - defects, shortages, incompatibility, systems, organisation and lack of skills or knowledge
  20. sources of information for solving problems including manufacturer's documentation / troubleshooting guides, colleagues, tutors / trainers / mentors and reference material – in house or external, such as the internet
  21. techniques for assessing machine faults including observation, listening, inspection of product, reports from colleagues / log reports, touch or smell (if safe to do so) and testing, such as electrical, mechanical, electronic
  22. the types of paper, board and other commonly used substrates including commonly used uncoated, coated, embossed papers and boards
  23. the grammage, thickness, opacity, brightness/whiteness, strength, dimensional stability, gloss of paper, board and other commonly used substrates
  24. how to maintain the quality of materials and protect them from damage, humidity and temperature during storage and handling
  25. how to label and identify material


Scope Performance

Scope Knowledge





Links To Other NOS

External Links

Version Number


Indicative Review Date

31 Jan 2024





Originating Organisation


Original URN


Relevant Occupations

Printers, Printing Machine Minders and Assistants, Printing Trades

SOC Code



post press, print finishing, machinery, folding