Prepare and operate a powered vehicle

URN: LANCS9
Business Sectors (Suites): Agricultural Crop Production
Developed by: Lantra
Approved on: 01 Jan 2019

Overview

This standard covers the preparation and operation of a powered vehicle such as an ATV, four-wheel drive, quad bike, sit-astride, mule, skid-steer and bob-cat. The standard does not cover the use of tractors. The standard covers the use of powered vehicles in a variety of weather conditions, ground conditions and terrain. These conditions will have an impact on the handling and use of the vehicle. When working with machinery or equipment you should be trained and hold current certification where required. When using a powered vehicle on the public highway you must hold the relevant licences for both yourself and the vehicle. When carrying out your work you must consider the impact it will have on the environment. This standard is suitable for anyone who operates a powered vehicle on or off the public highway.


Performance criteria

You must be able to:

  1. assess the risks associated with the required activity

    1. wear suitable clothing and personal protective equipment (PPE)

    2. prepare the required powered vehicle by carrying out pre-start

    checks and adjustments, in accordance with relevant legislation,

    instructions and specifications

    1. confirm that the powered vehicle is safe and ready for use

    2. mount and dismount the powered vehicle safely

    3. check and adjust the operator environment to meet your

    personal requirements

    1. check the immediate area for hazards and obstacles before

    moving off, and at all times during the operation of the powered

    vehicle

    1. use the correct warning signals at all times

    2. operate and manoeuvre the powered vehicle safely in

    accordance with the type of vehicle and operation being carried

    out

    1. modify the operating techniques to take account of changes in

    weather, ground conditions and types of terrain

    1. use efficiency factors to maintain an efficient performance by the

    powered vehicle through the appropriate handling and use of the

    vehicle

    1. stop and isolate the powered vehicle on completion of the

    activity

    1. leave the powered vehicle secure after use and in the correct

    condition for future use

    1. maintain communication with colleagues and others involved in,

    or affected by, your work

    1. follow industry and business guidance to minimise environmental

    damage

    1. carry out your work in accordance with relevant environmental

    and health and safety legislation, risk assessment requirements,

    codes of practice and business policies


Knowledge and Understanding

You need to know and understand:

  1. how to identify hazards and assess risks

    1. the type of clothing and personal protective equipment (PPE)

    suitable for the activity

    1. the current legislation in relation to the preparation and operation

    of powered vehicles

    1. the different types of powered vehicles that are used for different

    activities

    1. which powered vehicles are suitable to carry passengers

    2. the different types of accessories available for powered vehicles

    and how they are secured to the vehicle

    1. how to select the correct powered vehicle for the required activity

    and how to carry out pre-start checks and adjustments

    1. how to mount and dismount the powered vehicle safely

    2. how to start and stop the powered vehicle safely

    3. the types of safety equipment that should be available

    4. the function of all controls and instruments on the powered vehicl

    e you are using

    1. the correct use of warning signals and indicators

    2. the ways in which the powered vehicle should be operated and

    manoeuvred, and how different weather, ground conditions and

    types of terrain will affect the performance

    1. the capabilities and limitations of the powered vehicle and its

    operator, and the factors that may affect safety and efficiency

    1. the types of hazards and obstacles that may be encountered

    when operating a powered vehicle and how these should be

    dealt with

    1. the sort of problems that may occur with the powered vehicle,

    how to recognise them and the action to take

    1. the importance of carrying out routine checks and maintenance to

    confirm that the powered vehicle remains safe and in good

    working order

    1. the reasons why the powered vehicle should be left in the correct

    condition for future use

    1. why it is important to maintain the safety and security of the

    powered vehicle at all times

    1. the importance of maintaining communication with those involved

    in, or affected by, your work and how this should be done

    1. the potential impact that your activities could have on the

    environment and ways in which this can be minimised

    1. your responsibilities under relevant environmental and health and

    safety legislation, codes of practice and business policies


Scope/range


Scope Performance


Scope Knowledge


Values


Behaviours


Skills


Glossary

Efficiency factors:

gears

hydraulics

tyre pressure

track condition

brakes

clutches

Ground conditions:

wet

dry

frost

ice

mud

loose ground

Instructions and specifications:

drawings/plans

schedules

method statements

Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

manufacturer's guidelines

customer requirements

verbal instructions

Operator environment:

seat

steering wheel

mirrors

seat belt

Powered vehicles include:

ATVs

four-wheel drives

quad bikes

sit-astrides

mules


Links To Other NOS

• skid-steers

• bob-cats

Terrain:









hard surfaces

soft surfaces

uneven surfaces

slopes

LANCS59 Prepare and operate a powered vehicle with attachments

LANCS7 Prepare and operate a tractor


External Links


Version Number

20

Indicative Review Date

31 Jan 2024

Validity

Current

Status

Original

Originating Organisation

Lantra

Original URN

lancs9

Relevant Occupations

Farmer, General Farm Worker, Greenkeeper, Groundsman

SOC Code

5119

Keywords

Atv; Four wheel drive; Quad bike; Sit astride; Mule; Skid steer; Bob cat