Repair minor paint defects on automotive vehicles

Business Sectors (Suites): Vehicle Paint Refinishing
Developed by: IMI
Approved on: 30 Mar 2023


This standard is about conducting repairs to minor paint defects on automotive vehicles.

Performance criteria

You must be able to:

P1 use the appropriate personal protective equipment when carrying out the repair of minor paint defects
P2 protect the vehicle and its contents effectively when carrying out the repair of minor paint defects
P3 identify any defects and their cause with the correct rectification process
P4 support repair activities by reviewing:

P4.1 product data
P4.2 work instructions
P5 prepare, check and adjust all the tools and equipment required, following manufacturer's instructions, prior to use
P6 correct defects using the approved tools, equipment and materials following:

P6.1 manufacturer’s instructions
P6.2 the correct methods and techniques
P6.3 health and safety requirements
P7 ensure the paint surface finish produced is free from contamination and defects
P8 dispose of waste materials to conform with legal, environmental and workplace requirements
P9 leave tools, equipment and work environment in a clean and serviceable condition, as appropriate
P10 complete all paint repair activities within the agreed timescale and to an agreed quality control process
P11 promptly report any anticipated delays in completion to the relevant person(s) 

Knowledge and Understanding

You need to know and understand:

K1 the health and safety legislation and workplace procedures relevant to workshop practices and personal and vehicle protection
K2 the importance of disposing of waste safely and in compliance with environmental requirements and the consequences of not doing so to the business, others and the environment
K3 the importance of selecting, using and maintaining the appropriate personal and vehicle protective equipment when repairing minor paint defects
K4 the vehicle work specification agreed and how to interpret product manufacturer's instructions
K5 your workplace procedures for:

K5.1 the referral of problems
K5.2 reporting of delays to the completion of work
K5.3 personal protection
K6 the requirements for protecting the vehicle and contents from damage before, during and after repairing minor paint defects
K7 the importance of working to agreed timescales and keeping others informed of progress or delays
K8 the relationship between time, cost and productivity
K9 how to prepare, check and adjust all the tools and equipment required for the repair of minor paint defects
K10 how to use polishing machines, denibbing blocks and flatting equipment
K11 how to select, prepare and use compounds, flatting papers, polishes, pre-prepared paints and glazes
K12 the factors affecting the choice and use of materials
K13 how to identify the existing paint surface finish on which the defect has occurred
K14 how to identify minor paint defects, their cause and method(s) of rectification suitable for the paint surface finish
K15 how to carry out flatting, burnishing, polishing and touch-in techniques to correct minor paint defects
K16 how to prevent further paint damage during rectification
K17 how to dispose of waste materials in compliance with any environmental requirements/legislation and workplace procedures
K18 how to work safely avoiding damage to vehicles, personal injury and injury to colleagues
K19 the importance of cleaning prior to and after paint rectification work

K20 the importance of keeping equipment and materials clean and free from contamination during rectification work
K21 the implications of not following an agreed quality control process


Scope Performance

Scope Knowledge





Links To Other NOS

External Links

Version Number


Indicative Review Date

30 Mar 2026





Originating Organisation


Original URN


Relevant Occupations

Automotive Paint Technician, Engineering, Senior Automotive Paint Technician, Vehicle Trades

SOC Code



Repair; paint; defects; automotive; vehicles; minor