Carry out routine maintenance on a cycle

Business Sectors (Suites): Maintenance and Repair - Cycle
Developed by: IMI
Approved on: 30 Mar 2022


This standard is about carrying out routine maintenance on a cycle. 

In this standard the term ‘cycle’ includes pedal-propelled vehicles with two, three or four wheels. It may also include pedal-assisted e-bikes:
• Road legal up to 15.5 mph with a motor with an output of up to 250w
• E-cycles used for other purposes

This standard does not include maintenance of an electric cycle’s high voltage systems and their components, but does include their security to the cycle.

Performance criteria

You must be able to:

P1 use suitable personal protective equipment and cycle coverings (where applicable) throughout all cycle maintenance activities
P2 use suitable sources of technical information to support all your cycle maintenance activities
P3 ensure the cycle and the work area is safe prior to work commencing 
P4 use the correct specifications and tolerances for the cycle when making assessments of system and component performance
P5 examine the cycle’s systems and components following: 

P5.1 manufacturer’s approved examination methods
P5.2 your workplace procedures
P5.3 health, safety and environmental requirements
P6 carry out adjustments following:

P6.1 working methods and procedures 
P6.2 legislation, including waste disposal
P6.3 correct use of tools and equipment
P7 work in a way which minimises the risk of:

P7.1 damage to the cycle, its systems and components
P7.2 damage to your working premises or the environment
P7.3 injury to self and others
P8 use suitable check methods to accurately evaluate the performance of all systems and components to ensure cycle operates to required specification
P9 promptly report any problems or issues relating to the cycle’s condition or conformity to the relevant person(s) 
P10 ensure your cycle maintenance records are accurate, complete and promptly passed to the relevant person(s) in the format required
P11 complete all cycle maintenance activities within the agreed timescale
P12 promptly report any anticipated delays in completion to the relevant persons(s)

Knowledge and Understanding

You need to know and understand:

Legislative and organisational requirements and procedures
K1 the manufacturer’s and legal requirements relating to routine maintenance activities for cycle systems and components
K2 the health and safety legislation, environmental requirements and workplace procedures relevant to routine cycle maintenance activities and personal and cycle protection
K3 your workplace procedures for:

K3.1 recording cycle maintenance work and any variations from the original cycle specification or condition
K3.2 the referral of problems
K3.3 reporting delays to the completion of work
K4 the importance of working within your level of competence and responsibility
K5 the importance of documenting maintenance information
K6 the importance of working to agreed timescales and keeping others informed of progress
K7 the importance of promptly reporting anticipated delays to the relevant person(s)

Tools and equipment
K8 how to select, prepare and use the tools and equipment necessary for carrying out routine maintenance
K9 how to ensure correct calibration (self/third party) of tools and equipment *

Use of technical information*
K10 how to find, interpret and use sources of current technical information for systematic check activities
K11 the importance of using the appropriate sources of technical information

Systematic check requirements *
K12 how to recognise pre-existing cosmetic damage to cycle systems and *components *
K13 how to work safely avoiding damage to the cycle, its systems and *components *
K14 how cycle systems operate for the type of cycles on which you work
K15 the different *stages of routine cycle maintenance
K16 how to store all the removed components safely following workplace procedures
K17 assess the serviceability of all removed components
K18 how to make adjustments to cycle systems and components
K19 the quality check process following the routine maintenance of a cycle, including lubrication
K20 how to rectify any faults highlighted during the quality check 


1. **Examination methods** are:

1.1. sensory
1.2. functional
1.3. measurement

2. Tools and equipment include:

2.1. hand tools
2.2. electrical tools
2.3. measuring equipment
2.4. bench mounted equipment
2.5. power tools
2.6. cleaning and degreasing equipment

3. Components are:

3.1. front and rear derailleurs
3.2. derailleur cables
3.3. chain
3.4. pedals
3.5. chainset and cranks
3.6. bottom bracket assembly
3.7. gear shift mechanisms
3.8. brake discs
3.9. brake pads
3.10. brake operation levers
3.11. brake cables
3.12. brake housing/casing
3.13. handlebars
3.14. headsets
3.15. front forks including suspension components
3.16. rear suspension components
3.17. wheels
3.18. saddle and stem
3.19. accessories 

4. Stages of routine cycle maintenance include:

4.1. degreasing
4.2. cleaning
4.3. lubricating
4.4. adjustment

5. Quality check process includes:

5.1. cleanliness
5.2. security
5.3. adjustment
5.4. lubrication

6. Lubrication includes:

6.1. rear derailleur
6.2. front derailleur
6.3. chain
6.4. pedal bearings
6.5. joints and pivots
6.6. gear and brake cables

7. Adjustments include:

7.1. rear derailleur h&l
7.2. front derailleur h&l
7.3. gear indexing, including cable tension adjustments
7.4. front brake lever travel
7.5. rear brake lever travel
7.6. brake adjustment screws, including brake balance
7.7. brake pad position
7.8. fork alignment
7.9. handlebars & headsets
7.10. wheel trueness / spoke tension
7.11. suspension travel and rebound
7.12. tyre pressure
7.13. security of e-components

Scope Performance

Scope Knowledge





This section contains examples and explanations of some of the terms used but does not form part of the standard.

Include lighting, carriers and racks, audible warning devices, side stand, mud guards

Agreed timescales
Examples include manufacturer’s recommended work times, job times set by your company or a job time agreed with a specific customer

Examples include conformity to approvals and specifications, UK and European legal requirements where applicable

In this standard the term ‘cycle’ includes pedal-propelled vehicles with two, three or four wheels on which the rider sits. It may also include pedal-assisted e-bikes:
• Road legal up to 15.5 mph with a motor with an output of up to 250w
• E-cycles used for other purposes

E-system components
For example battery, controls, rider information, wiring loom, motor.

Sensory examination methods
These may include looking, listening, smelling and touching for heat.

Links To Other NOS

External Links

Version Number


Indicative Review Date

30 Mar 2025





Originating Organisation


Original URN


Relevant Occupations

Cycle Technician, Advanced Cycle Technician

SOC Code



Cycle; routine maintenance; adjustment; lubrication;