Pour concrete to form structures

Business Sectors (Suites): Construction and Civil Engineering Operations (Construction)
Developed by: Construction Skills
Approved on: 29 Feb 2016


​This standard is about interpreting information, adopting safe, healthy and environmentally responsible work practices, selecting and using materials, components, tools and equipment, and preparing for and placing concrete to form structures

This standard is for people working in the occupational area of construction and civil engineering operations and can be used by operatives, supervisors and managers

Performance criteria

You must be able to:

​P1  interpret the given information relating to the work and resources to confirm its relevance
P2  comply with the given, relevant legislation and official guidance to carry out your work and maintain safe and healthy work practices
P3  select the required quantity and quality of resources for the methods of work
P4  comply with organisational procedures to minimise the risk of damage to the work and surrounding area
P5  comply with the given contract information to carry out the work efficiently to the required specification
P6  complete the work within the allocated time, in accordance with the programme of work

Knowledge and Understanding

You need to know and understand:

Performance Criteria 1
Interpretation of information

K1  the organisational procedures developed to report and rectify inappropriate information and unsuitable resources, and how they are implemented
K2  the types of information, their source and how they are interpreted
K3  the organisational procedures to solve problems with the information and why it is important they are followed
Performance Criteria 2
Safe work practices

K4  the level of understanding operatives must have of information for relevant, current legislation and official guidance and how it is applied
K5  how emergencies should be responded to and who should respond
K6  the organisational security procedures for tools, equipment and personal belongings
K7  what the accident reporting procedures are and who is responsible for making the report
K8  why, when and how health and safety control equipment should be used
K9  how to comply with environmentally responsible work practices to meet current legislation and official guidance
Performance Criteria 3
Selection of resources

K10  the characteristics, quality, uses, sustainability, limitations and defects associated with the resources and how defects should be rectified
K11  how the resources should be used and how any problems associated with the resources are reported
K12  the organisational procedures to select resources, why they have been developed and how they are used
K13  the hazards associated with the resources and methods *of work* and how they are overcome
Performance Criteria 4
Minimise the risk of damage

K14  how to protect work from damage and the purpose of protection
K15  why disposal of waste should be carried out safely and how it is achieved
Performance Criteria 5
Meet the contract specification

K16  how methods of work, to meet the specification, are carried out and problems reported
K17  how maintenance of tools and equipment is carried out
Performance Criteria 6
Allocated time

K18  what the programme is for the work to be carried out in the estimated, allocated time and why deadlines should be kept


​Performance Criteria 1
1  interpretation of drawings, specifications, schedules, risk assessments, method statements and manufacturers' information related to the work to be carried out

Performance Criteria 2

2  avoidance of risk by complying with the given information relating to four of the following
2.1  methods of work
2.2  safe use of health and safety control equipment
2.3  safe use of access equipment
2.4  safe use, storage and handling of materials, tools and equipment
2.5  specific risks to health
Performance Criteria 3

3  selection of resources associated with own work
3.1  materials, components and fixings
3.2  tools and equipment
Performance Criteria 4

4  protection of the work and its surrounding area from damage
5  maintain a clear and tidy work space
6  disposal of waste in accordance with current legislation

Performance Criteria 5**

7  demonstration of work skills to measure, position, place, spread, vibrate, compact, finish and protect
8  use and maintain hand tools, power tools and ancillary equipment
9  place, compact and finish concrete to given working instructions relating to at least two of the following placement methods
9.1  chute
9.2  elephant's trunk
9.3  skip
9.4  pump
9.5  mono-rail
9.6  manually
10  protect concrete, ensure and support the curing process
Performance Criteria 6

11  completion of own work within the estimated, allocated time to meet the needs of other occupations and/or client

Scope Performance

Scope Knowledge

​Disposal of waste

1  environmental responsibilities, organisational procedures, manufacturers' information, statutory regulations and official guidance

2  operative's response to situations in accordance with organisational authorisation and personal skills when involved with
2.1  fires, spillages, injuries
2.2  emergencies relating to occupational activities

3  those identified by risk assessment, methods of work, manufacturers' technical information, statutory regulations and official guidance
Health and safety control equipment

4  identified by the principles of prevention for occupational use, types and purpose of each type, work situations and general work environment
4.1  collective protective measures
4.2  local exhaust ventilation (LEV)
4.3  personal protective equipment (PPE)
4.4  respiratory protective equipment (RPE)

5  drawings, specifications, schedules, risk assessments, method statements, manufacturers' information, verbal, written and graphical instructions, current regulations and official guidance associated with pouring concrete to form structures

Legislation and official guidance**

6  this relates to the operative's responsibilities regarding potential accidents, health hazards and the environment whilst working in the workplace, below ground level, in confined spaces, at height, with tools and equipment, with materials and substances, with movement and storage of materials by manual handling and mechanical lifting

7  operative care of hand tools, power tools and ancillary equipment
Methods of work

8  application of knowledge for safe and healthy work practices, procedures and skills relating to the method and area of work and materials used to:
8.1  assess and confirm suitability of concrete and area for placement
8.2  confirm pre-pour inspection are completed
8.3  conform to agreed specifications
8.4  confirm integrity of formwork and temporary supports prior to and during the pour
8.5  handle and transport concrete
8.6  place concrete by chute, elephant's trunk, overhead skip, pumping and manually
8.7  visually assess the quality of the concrete prior to and during pouring and placement
8.8  recognise the criteria for sampling and testing concrete
8.9  apply techniques to pour and compact concrete in layers
8.10  place concrete to lines and levels
8.11  ensure and check reinforcement coverage meets specification during the pour
8.12  check position of embedments and cast-in items prior to and during the pour

8.13  recognise requirements for working with concrete containing additives for waterproofing, accelerants and retardants
8.14 work with, around and in close proximity to plant and machinery
8.15  vibrate, compact, finish and protect
8.16  apply methods that will ensure and support the curing process
8.17  monitor and check accuracy during progress and on completion of work
8.18  recognise and determine when specialist skills and knowledge are required and report accordingly
8.19  use hand tools, power tools and equipment
8.20  work at height
8.21  use access equipment
9  team work and communication
10  needs of other occupations associated with pouring concrete to form structures


11  those arising from information, resources and methods of work
11.1  own authority to rectify
11.2  organisational reporting procedures

12  types of productivity targets and time scales
13  how times are estimated
14  organisational procedures for reporting circumstances which will affect the work programme

Protect work

15  protect work against damage from general workplace activities, other occupations and adverse weather conditions


16  materials, components and equipment relating to types, quantity, quality, sizes and the sustainability of standard and/or specialist:
16.1  ready-mix concrete materials
16.2  slump test equipment, skips, poker vibrator, tampers, floats and trowels
16.3  hand tools, power tools and equipment
17  how to confirm resources and materials conform with the given specification
18  methods of calculating quantity, length, area, volume and wastage associated with the method and procedure to pour concrete to form structures
Security procedures

19  site, workplace, company and operative



​When performing to this standard you are likely to demonstrate the following behaviours:

Work safely: consider the safety of yourself and those around you, challenge unsafe behaviour
Effective communication: oral, written, electronic, listening, body language, presentation
3  Respect: apply equality, diversity and inclusion in dealing with others
Team work: work effectively and safely with others with limited supervision
Independent working: take responsibility for safe completion of your own work
Logical thinking: use clear and valid reasoning when making decisions to safely undertake the work instructions
7  Working effectively: undertake the work in a reliable, safe and productive manner
Time management: use own time effectively to complete the work instructions to schedule, take the time to be safe
Adaptability: be able to adjust to changes to the work instructions, put safety first



Links To Other NOS

External Links

Version Number


Indicative Review Date

29 Jan 2021





Originating Organisation


Original URN


Relevant Occupations

Construction Operatives, Road Construction Operatives

SOC Code


Chute; Skip; Pump; Elephant’s trunk; Mono-rail; Poker vibrator; Tamper; Float