Lay modular pavement

Business Sectors (Suites): Road building and Maintenance
Developed by: Construction Skills
Approved on: 29 Feb 2016


​This standard is about interpreting information, adopting safe, healthy and environmentally responsible work practices, selecting and using materials, components, tools and equipment, preparing and laying modular paving manually or by machine

This standard is for people working in the occupational area of pavement construction and maintenance, and can be used by operatives, supervisors and managers

Performance criteria

You must be able to:

​P1  interpret the given information relating to the work and resources to confirm its relevance
P2  comply with the given, relevant legislation and official guidance to carry out your work and maintain safe and healthy work practices
P3  select the required quantity and quality of resources for the methods of work
P4  comply with organisational procedures to minimise the risk of damage to the work and surrounding area
P5  comply with the given contract information to carry out the work efficiently to the required specification
P6  complete the work within the allocated time, in accordance with the programme of work

Knowledge and Understanding

You need to know and understand:

Performance Criteria 1
Interpretation of information

K1  the organisational procedures developed to report and rectify inappropriate information and unsuitable resources, and how they are implemented
K2  the types of information, their source and how they are interpreted
K3  the organisational procedures to solve problems with the information and why it is important they are followed
Performance Criteria 2
Safe work practices

K4  the level of understanding operatives must have of information for relevant, current legislation and official guidance and how it is applied
K5  how emergencies should be responded to and who should respond
K6  the organisational security procedures for tools, equipment and personal belongings
K7  what the accident reporting procedures are and who is responsible for making the report
K8  why, when and how health and safety control equipment should be used
K9  how to comply with environmentally responsible work practices to meet current legislation and official guidance
Performance Criteria 3
Selection of resources

K10  the characteristics, quality, uses, sustainability, limitations and defects associated with the resources and how defects should be rectified
K11  how the resources should be used and how any problems associated with the resources are reported
K12  the organisational procedures to select resources, why they have been developed and how they are used
K13  the hazards associated with the resources and methods of work and how they are overcome
Performance Criteria 4
Minimise the risk of damage

K14  how to protect work from damage and the purpose of protection
K15  why disposal of waste should be carried out safely and how it is achieved
Performance Criteria 5
Meet the contract specification

K16  how methods of work, to meet the specification, are carried out and problems reported
K17  how maintenance of tools and equipment is carried out
Performance Criteria 6
Allocated time

K18  what the programme is for the work to be carried out in the estimated, allocated time and why deadlines should be ke


Performance Criteria 1

1  interpretation of drawings, specifications, schedules, risk assessments, method statements and manufacturers' information related to the work to be carried out
Performance Criteria 2

2  avoidance of risk by complying with the given information relating to the following
2.1  methods of work
2.2  safe use of health and safety control equipment
2.3  safe use, storage and handling of materials, tools and equipment
2.4  specific risks to health
Performance Criteria 3

3  selection of resources associated with own work
3.1  materials and components
3.2  tools and equipment
Performance Criteria 4

4  protection of the work and its surrounding area from damage
5  maintain a clear and tidy work space
6  disposal of waste in accordance with current legislation

Performance Criteria 5**

7  demonstration of work skills to set out, prepare, measure, mark out, cut, place, lay, level, align, compact and finish
8  use and maintain hand tools, power tools and ancillary equipment
9  place bedding and lay modular paving manually and/or by machine to given working instructions, to produce a bound or unbound pavement using at least two of the following
9.1  block paving
9.2  brick paving
9.3  stone and/or concrete setts
9.4  flags
9.5  natural stone rough cut (riven and/or cropped)
9.6  natural stone uniformly cut (sawn in dimension)
Performance Criteria 6

10  completion of own work within the estimated, allocated time to meet the needs of other occupations and/or client

Scope Performance

Scope Knowledge

Disposal of waste

1  environmental responsibilities, organisational procedures, manufacturers' information, statutory regulations and official guidance

2  operative's response to situations in accordance with organisational authorisation and personal skills when involved with
2.1  fires, spillages, injuries
2.2  emergencies relating to occupational activities

3  those identified by risk assessment, methods of work, manufacturers' technical information, statutory regulations and official guidance
Health and safety control equipment

4  identified by the principles of prevention for occupational use, types and purpose of each type, work situations and general work environment
4.1  collective protective measures
4.2  personal protective equipment (PPE)
4.3  respiratory protective equipment (RPE)


5  drawings, specifications, schedules, risk assessments, method statements, manufacturers' information, verbal, written and graphical instructions and current regulations governing the laying of modular paving

Legislation and official guidance**

6  this relates to the operative's responsibilities regarding potential accidents and health hazards and the environment whilst working in the workplace, below ground level, in confined spaces, with tools and equipment, with materials and substances, with movement and storage of materials by manual handling and mechanical lifting

7  operative care of hand tools, power tools and ancillary equipment
Methods of work

8  application of knowledge for safe and healthy work practices, procedures and skills relating to the method and area of work and materials used to:
8.1  confirm the area and location of work, the operations, safety and security requirements including temporary traffic management and immediate area protection
8.2  confirm the type of block, brick, sett, flag and natural stone modular paving unit, bedding and jointing materials
8.3  conform to the agreed specifications
8.4  identify the differences between rigid (bound) and flexible (unbound) paving
8.5  inspect and confirm substrate as acceptable for laying modular paving to given specification
8.6  set out the area and prepare substrate for modular pavement construction
8.7  install kerbs, channels, edgings and drainage
8.8  mark and cut modular paving
8.9  lay modular block, brick, sett, flag and natural stone paving manually and by machine to the required design and pattern, levels and stability
8.10 work around street furniture and ironwork

8.11 work with, in close proximity to and around plant or machinery
8.12  monitor and check work against specification(s)
8.13 lift modular paving for removal, maintenance and repair
8.14  maintain and repair modular paving to match existing design functions
8.15 return infrastructure to operational status
8.16 recognise and determine when specialist skills and knowledge are required and report accordingly
8.17  use hand tools, power tools and equipment
9  team work and communication
10  needs of other occupations associated with laying modular pavement

11  those arising from information, resources and methods of work
11.1  own authority to rectify
11.2  organisational reporting procedures

12  types of productivity targets and time scales
13  how times are estimated
14  organisational procedures for reporting circumstances which will affect the work programme
Protect work

15  protect work against damage from general workplace activities, other occupations and adverse weather conditions


16  materials, components and equipment relating to types, quantity, quality, sizes and the sustainability of standard and specialist:
16.1  graded granular material, mortar and concrete
16.2  blocks, stone setts, bricks, flags, natural stone
16.3  kerbs, channels, drainage
16.4  hand tools, power tools and equipment
17  identify by calculation, quantity, length, area, volume and wastage associated with the method and procedure to lay modular paving
Security procedures

18  site, workplace, company and operative





Links To Other NOS

External Links

Version Number


Indicative Review Date

29 Jan 2021





Originating Organisation


Original URN


Relevant Occupations

Construction Operatives, Road Construction Operatives

SOC Code



Pavement; Blocks; Stone-setts; Flags; Natural stone; Paving